Mosquitoes have many names
Mosquitoes will vary by region and mosquitoes, gnats, Schneider or mosquitoes called. The term “cutter” in some parts of the country but also the representatives of the non-biting midges called. These are much larger than mosquitoes and are considered slow flyer with very long legs. In southern Germany, not only mosquitoes, but also house flies are called “snags”.
Mosquitoes “hum” by the wing beat frequency
In Central Europe, has benefited approximately 3,000 different species of mosquitoes are described. Among the best known mosquito species include Aedes species (forest and meadow mosquitoes), Culex species (house mosquito) and Anopheles species (fever mosquitoes). Mosquitoes belong to the insect order Diptera (Diptera), as they only have a mature pair of wings. The rear wings are transformed into halteres (Schwingkölbchen = orientation organs). The wings have. Very high impact frequency (300 to 1000 strokes per minute), which leads to the familiar sound of the mosquito-Sirr The sound of the noise depends on the sex of mosquito and the mosquito.
Only female mosquitoes bite
The males and females of mosquitoes feed on with their sucking mouthparts of flower juices. Only the females can use their piercing and sucking mouthparts to pierce the skin of their host and suck blood. The proteins from the blood needed for the development of the eggs , the female drops a mosquito on or in the vicinity of water. Of the eggs develop into larvae that live on moults through four larval stages. From the larva emerges with an articulated body that is still breathing at the surface, but does not feed themselves. Emerges from the chrysalis, the adult mosquito, which is also known as Imago. The entire development cycle of mosquitoes can be run depending on ambient temperature in 17 to 21 days.
“Mosquito clouds”: mosquitoes males stick together
The males swarm of mosquitoes in the summer, near water, and often appear in such abundance that these “mosquito cloud” looks from a distance like smoke. When a female in such a male into flying a swarm, the mosquito in the air are “filled up” with cum. The sperm is stored in a “reservoir” of the mosquito for future fertilization of eggs. Some mosquito species, such as the house mosquito, the sperm can be stored over the winter in order to be used in the spring to lay their eggs. Sad reason: male mosquitoes can not survive the winter.
A mosquito bite triggers severe itching
The sting of a mosquito is usually not noticed because mosquitoes enter the blood eyes an analgesic substance in the injection site. Therefore an approaching mosquito is about to hear by the typical high humming sound near the ear barely. Almost everyone was already visited by a mosquito and crisp. The recognition of a mosquito bite is not usually difficult, since the mosquito bite itches badly and sting site reddened is. Also swells the mosquito bite in a very short time, making it a wheal . This is within 24 hours after the mosquito bite into a papule on (nodules, pea-sized thickening of the skin). The branch canal appears glassy bright and is later filled with fluid and darkens. The papule heals within a few days and by the mosquito bite is no longer visible.
Often there is not a single mosquito bite, because that female mosquitoes can sting multiple times. These multiple stitches lead to severe itching. One should, however scratching the mosquito bites avoid. This prevents scratching of the throat to the bodies and possible inflammation.
A bite of the black fly is compared to another mosquito bite painful and the injection itself is noticed. By the bite of the black fly, there is bleeding into the skin because the blood vessel was cut by the mouthparts. This is shown as a small blue-black stain that increases slightly every day. Blackfly bites are preferably found on the legs.
Female mosquitoes need blood for their offspring
Does this sound familiar? On summer nights, often makes us not only with the heat on. Hardly’re lying in bed and turns out the light, off you go, the annoying buzz of a mosquito-consuming. More specifically, it is a hungry female mosquitoes in search of a warm blooded animal. The results are mosquito bites. mosquitoes not only human beings but also other mammals, birds, and of the sun “warmed” Reptiles and amphibians harass bitten by mosquitoes. This of female mosquitoes captured by the mosquito bites blood is needed for egg development and oviposition. During their lives, a female mosquitoes produce six to eight eggs with up to 500 eggs, which is required for each laying process blood.
Victims have the right mosquito olfactory cocktail
But how we feel on the female mosquito? How do we get mosquito bites? A widely held belief is that mosquitoes prefer those people who have “sweet blood.” This opinion belongs more in the category of “myth” and is likely a first explanation of why some people are often different and not visited by the mosquitoes. Is true, however, that the composition of the blood affects the odor characteristics of the sweat. Because mosquitoes are attracted by body heat and especially the smell of sweat. Having determined the specific mix of carbon dioxide emitted and many welded components, if we are spared from mosquito bites or not.
Mosquito saliva can fly undetected by the mosquito mosquito bites
If a female mosquito chosen a “delicious” victims, it leads her fine two-channel vacuum tube into a blood vessel. After the mosquito bite, the blood passes through the “food tube” in the mosquito gut, saliva is injected at the same time by the saliva duct in the blood vessel. The saliva of the mosquito contains vasodilator, analgesic and anti-clotting agents. This is to prevent mosquito bites that are noted and the “food pipe” is clogged with blood clotting. The puncturing procedure and the blood receiving the female mosquito can last up to a total of one minute
1. Myth: Mosquitoes are attracted to light.
Unlike other species of insects mosquitoes can not be influenced by light, as it can look bad. They are based primarily on odors. So it does not matter if the light in the bedroom is on or off. Mosquitoes buzzing around the head, preferably, since the exhaled CO2 content in the air is at its highest.
2. Myth: Women are more frequently by mosquitoes stung than men.
This claim is not true. Studies show that men are just as likely as women razor. What matters is not the sex, but individual characteristics such as body heat, the smell of sweat and exhaled air to be attractive to mosquitoes.
3. Myth: The clothing has no effect on mosquitoes.
With the right clothes, you can decrease the chances of being bitten by a mosquito. Mosquitoes avoid bright clothing. Even long clothing protects against mosquito bites.
4. Mistake : Taking vitamin B1, also known under the name Thyamin protects against mosquitoes.
This type of mosquito protection is highly controversial. Supposedly vitamin B1 change body odor so that mosquitoes get away. This hypothesis has not yet been scientifically proven, and must therefore be regarded as an error.
5. Myth: home remedies for mosquito bites are most effective.
home remedies are very cheap, but not always effective. It is better to be prepared for mosquitoes with repellents to protect you from the pharmacy.
6. Myth: Mosquitoes love people with sweet blood.
Sweet Blood is not there and this mistake is a traditional saying. However, the composition of the blood has an effect on the body odor. Thus, at least, the assumption is not entirely wrong, that the blood has something to do with whether or not mosquito bites.
7. Myth: Mosquito bites are harmless.
this country, the statement is still correct. In tropical countries, by stinging mosquitoes as pathogens of malaria or dengue fever transmitted. In Germany mosquito species were found that were once found only in tropical areas. Whether the risk of disease transmission is also for Germany remains to be seen.
8. Myth: Appliances provide effective protection against mosquitoes
by electronic devices that kill by UV light or mosquitoes with insecticides, is not recommended. First, other insects are killed, second, they can be harmful if inhaled insecticides.
9. Myth: Mosquitoes are to be found primarily in lakes and ponds.
This is only partially true. Mosquitoes need water to breed. In lakes and ponds are home to natural enemies, such as frogs, dragonflies and other insects, the mosquitoes have on their menu and minimize the mosquito population. Mosquitoes are far more likely to be found in your own garden, as well as smaller quantities of water (puddles, rain barrels, flower coasters) are sufficient to provide a habitat for mosquito larvae.
10. Myth: lemon oil or lavender oil to keep mosquitoes away reliably.
‘s body odor is to be covered by the oils and to deter mosquitoes bite. Indeed been shown in studies that the number of attacks of mosquitoes reduced for a short time, were held from the stinging mosquitoes, which have yet approached the subjects, not against it. Shortly after applying the protective effect is gone.
Mosquito transmitted diseases in tropical countries
Mosquito bites are not only annoying, but also dangerous. Some piercing victims solve mosquito bites allergic reactions from. Mosquito bites are more dangerous, in which pathogens are transmitted and infection is common. In some parts of Europe, as well as in tropical and subtropical countries, mosquitoes transmit many diseases. Therefore, there is a risk of infection initially bring unnoticed out of the country trip back home. Thus, everyone should be aware of before traveling vacationers about the consequences of mosquito bites and about potential diseases and hazards posed by mosquitoes, inquire. Information, refer to the Foreign Office or the Medical Travel Country Information .
Transmission of disease from mosquito bites in this country is not yet proven. However, in Germany appear mosquitoes that were originally housed in the tropical and subtropical areas. By the generally milder climate can therefore not only the mosquitoes spread, but also the pathogens.
Mosquito bites with consequences: Mosquitoes transmit diseases
Every year millions of people die of malaria caused by fever mosquitoes (Anopheles species) can be transferred. The insidious infection with malaria: resemble the symptoms of fever, chills, headache and body aches and a flu often occur only after returning from vacation. The incubation period can take up to four weeks.
Other diseases that can be transmitted by mosquito bites:
Yellow fever occurs in Africa and Latin America and is transmitted by yellow fever mosquitoes. A vaccination is necessary for affected countries. The symptoms of the disease include high fever and periods where no fever occurs (symptoms similar to malaria). The disease can cause significant damage to organs, especially the liver.
Dengue fever is common in tropical and subtropical areas and is transmitted by tiger mosquitoes. Is a Impfmöglichkeit as yet. Even with these communicable viral disease, flu-like symptoms and rashes. Dengue fever is rarely fatal.
Leishmaniasis occurs in the tropics, the eastern Africa, the Mediterranean and Asia and is transmitted by sand flies. The disease is caused by protozoa (single-celled microorganisms) triggered, which can affect the skin (ulcers on the skin), mucous membranes or internal organs.
The West Nile fever occurs worldwide. In most cases, the disease is undetected and without noticeable symptoms. In rare cases, fever, headache and eye pain on to encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (meningitis).
The Rift Valley fever is transmitted mainly in the tropical parts of Africa through mosquito bites, a vaccine is possible. The disease also, flu-like symptoms. The Rift Valley fever may lead to blindness and liver damage.
Japanese encephalitis is transmitted primarily in India, the Far East and Russia by mosquito bites, a vaccine is available. The disease causes meningitis, which can lead to permanent damage to the nervous system.
Treasure trove kitchen: Here you will find home remedies to relieve the itching and swelling
Mosquito bites are often only noticed when they are already swollen to a small wheal and itself by an itch to make. Does not always have in the medicine cabinet at hand the appropriate means to treat mosquito bites. In this case, home remedies can help. See also treat insect bites: home remedies
home remedies for mosquito bites have either cooling and disinfecting properties or heat is used, which will make the harmless substances from the mosquito’s saliva. Both methods can relieve the itching and mosquito bites subside faster. In the kitchen, there are many home remedies that can help with mosquito bites. Sun foods such as tomatoes, potatoes or cabbage being diverted and used as a home remedy for mosquito bites. This one cuts a tomato or potato and submit them directly to the mosquito bite. Not only the tomato helps mosquito bites, the tomato plant can be used preventively against mosquitoes. After all. The strong smell of the plant (without fruit set) keeps mosquitoes to carbon use against mosquito bites, crushed to a cabbage leaf and rub the juice leaving the stitch point. The aforementioned types of vegetables have a cooling effect and contain ingredients that are intended to support the healing of the mosquito bite. To prevent the itching, cold packs or ice cubes to help further from the freezer. Never attempt to put them directly on the skin but wrap in a cloth and then keep to the mosquito bite. those who prefer to deal with heat mosquito bites should be careful. It’s easy to burn. Thus, for example, heat a bucket with hot water and hold it there for a short time on the puncture. avoid Whichever home remedy for mosquito bites is used, in each case, the scratching of the stitch. Thus, the risk of bacterial infection and reduce the mosquito bite heals faster. It is best to let a mosquito bite, not only to protect themselves and with repellents or other activities on the effective protection .